Plural Publishing produces leading academic, scientific and clinical publications in the fields of speech-language pathology, audiology, and otolaryngology.


The Late Eight

Third Edition
Ken M. Bleile
Illustrated (B/W), Softcover, 7 x 10"
Included Media:
Companion Website
Release Date:


The Late Eight, Third Edition provides clinical resources to help clinicians, students, and academics evaluate and treat late acquired sounds. The late eight are typically the last acquired by English-speaking children and are most likely to challenge school-aged students as well as non-native English speakers, both children and adults. The text is an ideal resource for anyone working with individuals whose speech contains errors affecting [θ], [ð], [s], [z], [l], [r], [ʃ], or [tʃ]. Additionally, vocalic [r] is included because it often serves as a step to reaching consonantal [r].

The third edition keeps (and slightly modifies) the clinical resources while expanding the tool kit to include new essential clinical concepts, including evidence based practice, Spanish influenced English, the curriculum, and a new treatment model. In addition, the third edition replaces the CD of previous editions with an expanded and flexible interactive companion website.

New to the third edition:

  • 4 additional chapters: Chapter 1: A Late 8 Update, Chapter 2: Using Evidence to Guide Clinical Practice, Chapter 3: The Late 8 en español, Chapter 4: Speech Sound Disorders, Literacy, and Curriculum
  • Contributing authors provide their expertise
  • A PluralPlus companion website

Resources for each late-acquired sound include:

  • technical and nontechnical definitions;
  • age of acquisition;
  • common errors;
  • key phonetic environments;
  • useful metaphors;
  • touch cues;
  • initial screening tests;
  • stimulability tests;
  • demonstrations of place, manner, and voicing;
  • phonetic placement and shaping techniques;
  • speech exercises: language awareness and speech activities;
  • lists of words divided by phonetic and word environments; and
  • minimal pairs.

The PluralPlus companion website contains reproducible "cheat sheets," exercises, and word lists for clinical use, plus:

  • 24 different demonstrations of place, manner, and voicing;
  • more than 70 phonetic placement and shaping techniques;
  • 35 language awareness and speech activities;
  • more than 4,000 words divided by phonetic and word environments; and
  • more than 2,200 minimal pairs.


Part I. New Essentials

Chapter 1. A Late Eight Update
Ken M. Bleile

Chapter 2. Using Evidence to Guide Clinical Practice: Considerations for the Late Eight
Lauren K. Nelson

Chapter 3. The Late Eight en español
Lindsey R. Leacox

Chapter 4. Speech Sound Disorders, Literacy, and Curriculum
Jennifer Walz Garrett

Chapter 5. Motor Learning Guided Therapy
Carlin Hageman

Part II. Clinical Resources

Chapter 6. Overview
Chapter 7. [θ]
Chapter 8. [ð]
Chapter 9. [s]
Chapter 10. [z]
Chapter 11. [l]
Chapter 12. Vocalic [r]
Chapter 13. Consonantal [r]
Chapter 14. [ʃ]
Chapter 15. [tʃ]
Chapter 16. Evaluation and Treatment: An Illustration

Appendix A. Language Activities
Appendix B. Quick Guide to Resources

About The Author

Ken M. Bleile

Ken M. Bleile, PhD, is a professor in the Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders at the University of Northern Iowa. Throughout the past several years, Dr. Bleile has also served as a visiting scholar at universities in Turkey, Singapore, Russia, and New Zealand. During the summers, he often leads study abroad groups that provide speech and language services to children in orphanages and schools in developing countries—most recently in Nicaragua. Dr. Bleile is a recipient of Iowa’s Regent’s Scholar Award and the Multicultural Board’s Diversity Champion Award, and is a Fellow of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). He serves as an associate editor of the American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology and is the former chair of ASHA’s International Issues Board. Dr. Bleile publishes widely on speech development, international issues, as well as communication disorders in children with medical needs and developmental disabilities.

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Purchasers of this book receive complimentary access to supplementary materials hosted on a PluralPlus companion website.

To access the materials, log in to the website using the URL and Access Code located inside the front cover of your copy of The Late Eight, Third Edition.