Plural Publishing produces leading academic, scientific and clinical publications in the fields of speech-language pathology, audiology, and otolaryngology.


The Late Eight

Second Edition
Ken M. Bleile
360 pages, Illustrated (B/W), Softcover, 7 x 10"
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The Late Eight, now in its second edition, is a popular resource for clinicians, students, and academics working with students whose speech contains errors affecting [th] (voiced theta), [th] (unvoiced theta), [s], [z], [l], [r], [sh], or [ts]. Additionally, vocalic [r] is included because it often serves as a step to reaching consonantal [r]. The late eight are typically the last acquired by English-speaking children, and they are the sounds most likely to challenge school-aged students and non-native English speakers, both children and adults.

For the second edition, a new chapter, written by Carlin Hageman, offers a motor learning perspective on assessing and treating the late eight. In addition, the companion DVD includes a motor learning guided (MLG) demonstration video to supplement Chapter 12, “Motor Learning Guided Therapy,” which shows several applications of the principles of MLG therapy. This video is not intended to be a prescription for using MLG therapies; rather, a place to begin the development of individual strategies for each client.

Resources for each late-acquired sound include:

  • Technical and non-technical definitions
  • Age of acquisition
  • Common errors
  • Key phonetic environments
  • Useful metaphors
  • Touch cues
  • Initial screening tests
  • Stimulability tests
  • Demonstrations of place, manner, and voicing
  • Phonetic placement and shaping techniques
  • Speech exercises
  • Language awareness and speech activities
  • List of words divided by phonetic and word environments
  • Minimal pairs

A companion DVD contains reproducible "cheat sheets," exercises, and word lists for clinical use. Included in these materials are:

  • 24 different demonstrations of place, manner, and voicing
  • More than 70 phonetic placement and shaping techniques
  • 35 language awareness and speech activities
  • More than 4,000 words divided by phonetic and word environments
  • More than 2,200 minimal pairs.

With its updated content and expanded features, The Late Eight, Second Edition is sure to remain a favorite resource for speech-language pathologists working with school-age children.


  • Chapter One - Overview
  • Chapter Two - [θ]
  • Chapter Three - [ð]
  • Chapter Four - [s]
  • Chapter Five - [z]
  • Chapter Six - [l]
  • Chapter Seven - Vocalic [r]
  • Chapter Eight - Consonantal [r]
  • Chapter Nine - [ʃ]
  • Chapter Ten - [tʃ]
  • Chapter Eleven - Language Therapy for Speech Disorders
  • Chapter Twelve - Motor Learning Guided Therapy
    Carlin Hageman
  • Appendix A - Language Activities
  • Appendix B - Tips for Students


About The Author

Ken M. Bleile

Ken M. Bleile, PhD, is a professor in the Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders at the University of Northern Iowa. Throughout the past several years, Dr. Bleile has also served as a visiting scholar at universities in Turkey, Singapore, Russia, and New Zealand. During the summers, he often leads study abroad groups that provide speech and language services to children in orphanages and schools in developing countries—most recently in Nicaragua. Dr. Bleile is a recipient of Iowa’s Regent’s Scholar Award and the Multicultural Board’s Diversity Champion Award, and is a Fellow of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). He serves as an associate editor of the American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology and is the former chair of ASHA’s International Issues Board. Dr. Bleile publishes widely on speech development, international issues, as well as communication disorders in children with medical needs and developmental disabilities.